Importance of Seerah in the field of Dawah
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعين
Allah says in the Noble Quran (11:120):
(The meaning of which can be translated as):
And All that we relate to You (O Muhammad ) of the news of the Messengers is In order that we may make strong and firm Your heart thereby. And In This has come to You the truth, as well as an admonition and a Reminder for the believers.
The Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam) said:
I am the leader of all children of Adam
It is natural for a human being to look for a role-model in whatever task he embarks into. The field of Dawah is no exception.
The Quran is full of repetitive narrations of the past nations. The purpose of such a great number of verses on this topic is that the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam), the greatest Daee, himself was in need of examples to perform his important duty of calling to Allah. If such a great personality is in need of examples, then we need them to a much greater extent. Therefore it is very important for us to learn the Seerah.
The Quran and Seerah are very closely linked. As we know that the Quran was revealed in parts, as and when it was required. The verses that were revealed upon the prophet had a close relationship with the daily events that took place in the life of the prophet. Let us analyse a couple of examples:
- As the time for Hijrah (Migration) to Madeenah neared, the story of Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) was repeatedly revealed as parts of various chapters. Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) was also asked to leave his place and migrate with Bani Israeel. Surah Al-Qasas, which contains the full story of Moosa (Alaihis Salaam), was revealed at a time that the prophet was leaving his beloved Makkah with a tearful eye and a sorrowful heart. He was heard saying:
Of all Allah''s earth, you are the dearest place to Allah and to me and if my people had not driven me out I would never have left you.The last part of this chapter (viz. Al-Qasas) consoled the prophet with a promise from Allah to return him back to his land. Allah promised in the Noble Quran (28:85):
(The meaning of which can be translated as):
Verily, He who has given You (O Muhammad Sal-Allahu ''alayhe Wa Sallam) the Quran (i.e. ordered You to act on its laws and to preach it to others) will surely bring You back to the Ma''âd (place of return, either to Makkah or to Paradise after Your death, etc.)
- When the prophet called the people of Quraysh towards Islam, those who were the first and foremost to torture him and misbehave with him, belonged to his own family. His uncles Abu Jahl and Abu Lahb were amongst the prominent ones who were involved in this ill-treatment directly or indirectly. The prophet was grieved to a great extent that his own family members ill-treated him. Allah revealed Surah Yusuf as a consolation that the prophets who came before him were dealt in a similar manner by their near and dear ones. This instilled courage in the heart of the prophet and he remained determined on his mission.
As has been stated above, a Daee is greatly in need of a role model and example to follow. Therefore, we MUST learn the Seerah to learn the correct way of Dawah. Dawah being an act of Ibaadah, has a prescribed way of being performed. There is no free choice for anyone to do Dawah in any way that he/she desires. Rather there is a methodology that has been taught by our prophet. If the life of our prophet after attaining Prophethood is analyzed, we see that thirteen years of Dawah was only towards the three Fundamentals of Faith, namely At-Tauheed (Concept of Unique Oneness of Allah), Ar-Risaalah(Concept of Prophethood) and Al-Aakhirah(Concept of Hereafter).
Not ONLY is learning Seerah instrumental in doing Dawah, it is also a means of attracting people to Islam. During the time of the prophet, people used to embrace Islam just on laying a glance on him. Nowadays, it has become common news that people have embraced Islam on reading the life history of our beloved Prophet Muhammad Alaihis Salaam. Recently, a non-muslim couple in India embraced Islam after reading his Seerah. The brother narrated that he made this important decision to embrace Islam after he read the fact that while the prophet passed away, there wasn’t enough oil in his house to light a lamp and his wife had to borrow oil from their neighbors.
The Seerah of our prophet stands out as an excellent unequalled role model, so much that several non-Muslim scholars have started writing poems in his praise, have started writing books depicting his life history and excellent characteristics.
Michael Hart has listed our prophet at Position #1 in his book “The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History”. His statement on our beloved prophet is as follows:
My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the secular and religious level. ...It is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on Christianity. ...It is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.
وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعين و الحمد لله رب العالمين