Why was Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) sent to Makkah/Arabia?
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعين
When the world is vast and huge, what could have been the wisdom behind selecting Makkah for being the place to send the last and final Messenger, Muhammad (peace and blessings be on him)? This is a question that comes to many of us. There are quite a lot of reasons that the historians have mentioned regarding this issue:
Allah says in the Noble Qur’aan (28:59):
(The meaning of which can be translated as):
And never will your Lord destroy the towns (populations) until He sends to their mother town a Messenger reciting to them Our verses. And never would we destroy the towns unless the people thereof are Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in the oneness of Allah, oppressors and tyrants).
So it was a common thing that the Messengers who were sent to these different nations before Muhammad (peace and blessings be on him) were sent to the center of those cities. Makkah being the geographical center of the world and known as Umm Al-Qura (Mother of all cities) was the best place to convey the message of the universal Messenger, who was sent to the whole world.
Since the message of Islam was meant to reach all the corners of the world, it needed a group of revolutionary people to create this massive transformation. The Arab nation was known for their revolutionary nature.
One of the main constituents of this nature is loyalty. The Arabs were known for their staunch loyalty. They went to extremes in love and enmity and were persistent in them. When they loved someone, they would give their life saving and supporting him, and at the same time when they hated someone, they would not spare the least effort to cause destruction to him.
The incident of Thumamabin Uthal (RadhiAllahuAnhu) best explains this nature of the Arabs. Immediately after proclaiming his testimony to enter Islam, this is what he said:“By Allah, O Muhammad! There was no face on the surface of the earth most disliked by me than yours, but now your face has become the most beloved face to me. By Allah, there was no religion most disliked by me than yours, but now it is the most beloved religion to me. By Allah, there was no town most disliked by me than your town, but now it is the most beloved town to me.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith # 658)
Yet another trait that the Arabs possessed in abundance was self-esteem and ego. Historians narrate that two friends among Arabs who travel together and come to a narrow path where only one can walk at a time, have an argument as to who will be the first to pass and this small incident becomes the reason for a battle between two tribes for years together.
The history of previous nations teaches us that any nation that loses this trait of ego and self-esteem fails to prosper. Let us analyze the story of Musa Alaihis Salaam and Bani Israeel (Children of Israel) to understand the above point. Bani Israeel (Children of Israel) was enslaved by Firoun (Pharaoh) and they submitted to slavery and thought themselves to be inferior. This is the reason that when Allah ordered them to enter the Promised Land, and promised them that the moment they entered it, victory would be theirs and the nation that resided inside it will be defeated, Bani Israeel(Children of Israel) did not enter as long as the powerful residents of that land lived inside. Allah forbade them the Promised Land for 40 years, so that a new generation of Bani Israeel(Children of Israel) would evolve, which would have never seen Firoun (Pharaoh) and his oppression.Hence they would be ready to fight and conquer the land and this is how the Bani Israeel (Children of Israel) finally won the land.
Yet another example of the same can be found during the caliphate of Umar (May Allah be pleased with him). A delegation was sent to Rustum, the commander of the Persian forces. This was led by Rubiy ibn Aamir who, with a spear in his hand went directly to Rustum's encampment. Rustum said to him:"Rubiy! What do you want from us'? If you want wealth we will give you. We will provide you with provisions until you are satisfied. We will clothe you. We will make you rich and happy. Look, Rubiy! What do you see in this assembly of mine? No doubt you see signs of richness and luxury, these carpets, fine curtains, gold embroidered walls, carpets of silk... Do you have any desire that we should bestow some of these riches which we have on you?"
Rustum thus wanted to impress and take him away from his purpose by this show of wealth and grandeur. Rubiy listened and looked around but was unmoved. He then said: "Listen, O commander! Certainly Allah has chosen us that through us those of His creation whom He so desires could be drawn away from the worship of idols to Tawheed (the Unique Oneness of Allah), from the narrow confines of preoccupation with this world to its boundless expanse and from the tyranny of rulers to justice of Islam. Whoever accepts that from us we are prepared to welcome him and whoever fights us, we would fight him until the promise of Allah comes to pass."
Yet another reason as to why Allah chose Arabia for sending his prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be on him) was that Arabian Peninsula is known for its extreme climates both during summer and winter. History stands witness to the defeat of Hitler and his forces due to the cold climatic conditions of Russia. Allah thus prepared the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) as a nation, which knows no fears except the fear of Allah and nothing could keep them away from traveling to all corners of the globe to preach the universal religion, i.e. Islam.
Thus, we learn the various reasons behind the selection of Hijaz (Arabia) as the epicenter of the teachings of Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be on him).
وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعينو الحمد لله رب العالمين