Is it allowed to quote the previous scriptures while doing Dawah?
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعين
Today we see that the Ummah has gone into two extremes concerning the usage of the other scriptures. A group of them considers it haram (prohibited) to quote the scriptures, whereas the other group has memorized a fair portion of these scriptures while not being able to recite the Quran properly. The moderate and correct view in this issue is that it is permissible to quote their scriptures to convince them about the mention of our prophet in their books, but at the same time the establishment of proof against the disbelievers can ONLY be done by the Quran and the Hadith. The other scriptures cannot serve as a means to establish the proof against the disbelievers.
On the authority of Ata' Ibn Yasar, al-Bukhari reported in his Sahih:
I met Abdullah Ibn 'Amr Ibn Al-'Aa's and asked him, Tell me about the description of Allah's Messenger which is mentioned in Torah.
He replied, Yes. By Allah, he is described in [the] Torah with some of the qualities attributed to him in the Qur'an as follows: "O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, a giver of glad tidings, and a warner." (33:45)
So it was a practice amongst the companions who accepted Islam, to look for the mention of Muhammad in their books.
Allah mentions in Chapter 3: Verse 93, the meaning of which can be translated as:
All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Israel made unlawful for himself before the Taurât (Torah) was revealed. Say (O Muhammad): "Bring here the Taurât (Torah) and recite it, if You are truthful.
Narrated Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه:
A Jew and a Jewess were brought to Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) on a charge of committing illegal sexual intercourse.
The Prophet asked them: What is the legal punishment (for this sin) in your Book (Torah)?
They replied: Our priests have innovated the blackening of faces with charcoal and Tajbiya’ (being mounted on a donkey, with their faces in opposite directions, then mortified in public).
Abdullah bin Salaam said: 0 Allah’s Messenger, tell them to bring the Torah.
The Torah was brought, and then one of the Jews put his hand over the Divine Verse of the Rajm (stoning to death) and started reading what preceded and what followed it.
On that, Ibn Salaam said to the Jew: Lift up your hand.
The Divine Verse of the Rajm was under his hand. So Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) ordered that the two (sinners) be stoned to death, and so they were stoned.
- Bukhari, Volume 8, Hadith No. 809
We can clearly see that it is permissible to use other scriptures during our Dawah, when it is required.